The do-it-yourself practice of pill splitting – literally cutting them in half – has become a popular way to save on prescription medication costs, but you need to talk to your doctor or pharmacist first because not all pills can be split.
The reason pill splitting is such a money saver is because of a quirk in the way drugs are manufactured and priced.
A pill that’s twice as strong as another may not be twice the price.
In fact, it’s usually about the same price.
So, buying a double-strength dose and cutting it in half may allow you to get two months worth of medicine for the price of one.
But, is it safe?
As long as your doctor agrees that splitting your pills is okay for you, you learn how to do it properly and you split only pills that can be split, there’s really no danger.
Ask your doctor
If you’re interested in splitting your pills, talk to your doctor or pharmacist to find out if any of the medicines you use can be safely split.
It’s also important to find out whether splitting them will save you enough money to justify the hassle.
The pills that are easiest to split are those with a score down the middle.
However, not every pill that’s scored is meant to be split.
Pills that are most commonly split include:
- Cholesterol lowering drugs, like Crestor, Lipitor, Mevacor, Pravachol and Zocor.
- Antidepressants, like Lexapro, Celexa, Serzone, Paxil, and Zoloft.
- High blood pressure medicines such as, Accupril, Zestril, Diovan, Avapro, Norvasc, Tenormin, Toprol and Cardura.
- Erectile dysfunction pills, like Viagra, Cialis and Levitra.
Use a splitter
Having the right equipment is very important, too.
Don’t use a knife or scissors to cut your pills in half.
Purchase a proper pill cutter that has a cover and a V-shaped pill grip that holds the pill securely in place.
The best pill splitter, according to Consumer Reports, is the 'Safety Shield Pill Cutter' sold at Walgreens and CVS for around $6.
For convenience, you might be tempted to split the whole bottle of pills at once.
But, it’s best to do the splitting on the day you take the first half, and then take the other half whenever you are scheduled to take your next dose.
That will help keep the drugs from deteriorating due to exposure to heat, moisture or air.
It will also help ensure that any deviation in the size of one dose is compensated in the next.
It’s also important to know that pills are only safely split in half and never into smaller portions, such as into thirds or quarters.
Don’t split these
Some pills should never be split.
Drugs that are time-released or long-lasting and tablets that contain a combination of drugs probably shouldn’t be split, because it’s difficult to ensure a proper amount of active ingredient in each half.
Pills with a coating to protect your stomach and pills that crumble easily or irritate your mouth shouldn’t be split either, along with chemotherapy drugs, anti-seizure medicines, birth control pills and capsules containing powders or gels.
Again, your doctor or pharmacist will know which drugs can and cannot be split.
If you’re taking a medicine that can be split, you’ll need to get a prescription from your doctor for twice the dosage you need.
Then, you can start splitting safely and saving.