Oklahoma City Public Schools agrees to address disproportionate discipline of black students

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OKLAHOMA CITY – Oklahoma City Public Schools has agreed to address disproportionate discipline of black students.

On Wednesday, the U.S. Department of Education announced that they had reached a settlement with the local school district regarding the issue.

In 2015, the U.S. Education Department’s Office for Civil Rights started investigating and found that black students were considerably overrepresented in all of the district’s disciplinary actions.

For example, for the 2014-15 school year, OCR’s investigation exposed a high rate of black students being referred for discipline as compared with white students.

Notably, black students accounted for 42 percent of in-school suspensions although they represent only 26 percent of the population.

Likewise, for the 2011-12 school year, black students received in-school and out-of-school suspensions, were referred to law enforcement, and were arrested for school-related incidents at statistically significant proportions compared to their enrollment in the district.

During the investigation, Oklahoma City Public Schools initiated an internal audit.

The school district released the audit which revealed minority students are being suspended at a higher rate than other students.

Both U.S. Education Department’s Office for Civil Rights investigation and the Oklahoma City Public Schools’ audit found scores of concerns including:

  • incomplete and inconsistent recordkeeping;
  • inconsistent provision of due process rights;
  • that the district as an entity is inconsistent in its discipline practices;
  • there are inconsistencies within individual schools themselves;
  • there are inconsistencies in information provided to parents when their children were suspended;
  • that parameters of certain disciplinary sanctions are unclear, such as “defiance of authority” and “disrespect” among others.


Before the Department’s Office for Civil Rights had completed its probe, the district expressed an interest in resolving the case voluntarily.

Oklahoma City Public Schools changing its discipline practices

The agreement reached between Oklahoma City Public Schools and the U.S. Education Department aims at correcting the district’s practices to ensure that the district satisfies its civil rights obligations to its students going forward.

“I applaud the district for its commitment to improving its discipline policies, procedures and practices for the students it serves every school day, including through evaluation of its reliance on and training for school resource officers,” said Catherine E. Lhamon, assistant secretary for the Office for Civil Rights. “I appreciate the positive steps the district took during the course of our investigation and I look forward to working with the district to implement this agreement.”

Oklahoma City Public Schools has undertaken a number of corrective steps, including initiating a review of its discipline policies and practices and its discipline code.

The district also created the Office of School Climate and Student Discipline and hired a director of school climate and student discipline and three student behavior specialists.

The agreement between Oklahoma City Public School and the U.S. Department of Education, in part:

  • Designates an employee to serve as the district’s discipline supervisor.
  • Prohibits exclusionary discipline to the maximum extent possible.
  • Requires the district to retain experts to advise the district on research-based strategies to prevent discrimination.
  • Implements revised policies and practices.
  • Requires training for staff and administrators and programs for students and parents to explain the policies and behavioral expectations.
  • Requires the district to provide teachers and administrators with the tools and training to support positive student behavior to prevent and address misconduct.
  • Requires school staff to employ a range of corrective measures before referring a student to disciplinary authorities.
  • Ensures a system of supports at each school to assess students who display behavior problems.
  • Addresses school climate issues.
  • Implements measures to engage students, staff and parents in the implementation of the revised policies, practices and procedures.
  • Requires a comprehensive review of the School Resource Officer program to assess the program’s effectiveness and alignment with ensuring misbehavior is addressed in a manner that minimizes exclusionary discipline to the maximum extent possible.
  • Facilitates communication with the parent complainant should she choose to re-enroll her children.

Click here to read the letter the U.S. Education Department’s Office for Civil Rights sent to the Oklahoma City Public Schools

Click here to read the agreement between the U.S. Education Department and Oklahoma City Public Schools

The U.S. Education Department says the agreement resolves one of three of their investigations into the school district.

The other two ongoing investigations involve complaints alleging the district failed to provide male and female students with equal opportunity and access with respect to athletic activities.

Additionally, the complaints allege that the district discriminated against students with disabilities with regard to the provision of a free appropriate public education.

The Oklahoma City Public School District released the following statement on Wednesday:

“The Oklahoma City Public School District signed a resolution issued by the Department of Education Office of Civil Rights regarding inequitable discipline practices toward minority students. Several of the requirements detailed in the agreement have been addressed by OKCPS, including creation of the Office of Discipline and Student Climate. There are additional required corrective actions the district will be implementing and monitoring as part of the agreed upon resolution. OKCPS is in the process of developing a plan to address every aspect of the resolution. OKCPS is appreciative of the efforts by the Office of Civil Rights, and we are taking action to make sure each and every one of our students is treated in an equitable manner.”


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