(CNN) — All 39 people who were found dead in a truck in a UK industrial park on Wednesday were Chinese nationals, British police said Thursday, as officers in England, Northern Ireland, and Belgium scrambled to establish the chain of events that led to the tragic incident.
The cause of death of the eight women and 31 men has yet to be established, Essex police said in a statement. The victims were discovered in a container at the back of the truck, at an industrial park in Grays, Essex, a town 20 miles east of London.
Police believe the container came from Belgium into England early Wednesday, while the journey of the truck that transported it is believed to have originated in Northern Ireland.
Belgium’s federal prosecutor, Eric van der Sypt, told CNN that a people-trafficking investigation has been opened.
“At this point, we don’t know whether these people entered the container at (the Belgian port of) Zeebrugge or whether it arrived with them already onboard,” van der Sypt told CNN, adding that the container arrived at 2:49 p.m. Tuesday and was shipped out of the port the same day.
Zeebrugge has been known by British authorities as a hotspot for “clandestine attempts” to enter the UK through concealment in heavy goods vehicles, the National Crime Agency (NCA) said in a 2019 report.
“We work closely with the NCA and have done so for a long time now,” van der Sypt said. “It is not new that Zeebrugge has been targeted by people traffickers for a while. Our focus is now to determine who was responsible at this end and identify any other parties who may be implicated.”
The container arrived early Wednesday morning at Purfleet, a town on the River Thames, according to authorities, where it was collected by a red Scania truck and transported to Waterglade Industrial Park in Grays.
Police — who were called to the scene early Wednesday — said the victims were found dead.
Road haulage experts said the truck appeared to be refrigerated. That could mean freezing temperatures of anywhere between -5 to -10 degrees Fahrenheit, making conditions “absolutely horrendous” for anyone stuck inside, said Richard Burnett, chief executive of trade body the Road Haulage Association.
Burnett told CNN “it is definitely a refrigerated trailer… based on how it looks. 100%.” What is unclear is whether the refrigeration was switched on and when exactly the Chinese nationals entered the container.
The chief executive of Zeebrugge port, Joachim Coens, told Belgium’s Flemish public broadcaster VRT that it was “extremely unlikely” the victims got into the container at the port as it was “hermetically sealed.”
“One makes a visual check with cameras, and looks if the seal is intact, and then is placed at the terminal,” Coens said.
“And then nothing else happens with it because it’s also not possible that people get inside … because it’s sealed off. Right before it goes on board, it’s again checked (to see) if everything is still in order. And then it goes to the other side,” he added.
Irish investigation, Chinese staff en route
On Wednesday, 25-year-old Northern Irish truck driver, Mo Robinson, was arrested on suspicion of murder.
In Northern Ireland, CNN witnessed forces search two properties in County Armagh, southwest of Belfast. Local residents identified one of the properties as the home of Robinson’s parents.
They told CNN that Robinson’s parents have traveled to England to support him.
Police said Thursday that the suspect remained in custody and confirmed that three properties were searched in County Armagh.
In a statement, China’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs said Chinese embassy staff in the UK “are en route to the scene to verify relevant information.”
“We read with heavy heart the reports about the death of 39 people in Essex, England. We are in close contact with the British police to seek clarification and confirmation of the relevant reports,” China’s embassy in the UK said in a statement.
The Chinese embassy in Belgium has “demanded” a “comprehensive investigation” by Belgian police, according to a statement.
The embassy “attaches high importance to the report that bodies of 39 Chinese nationals were found in a truck in the UK,” it wrote.
News of the deaths has divided people in China. On Chinese social media channels, many questioned whether it was economic reasons that led the victims to be smuggled into the UK. Others are demanding that the UK government provide answers.
As the topic trended on Weibo on Thursday, Chinese censors cut off CNN’s coverage of the deaths.
This week’s events are a painful reminder of the tragic events in 2000, when 58 Chinese migrants were found dead in a lorry in Dover.
In 2004, 23 Chinese migrants, who were picking cockles, died at Morecambe Bay, northwest England, when they were caught by an incoming tide.
A government report released this month found that in 2018 China was the fourth most common country of origin for potential victims of modern slavery in the UK.